Nestled in the elevated terrains of Bali’s mountainous Bedugul Regency, perched on a plateau above Lake Beratan, stands the majestic Ulun Danu Beratan Temple. Situated approximately 1,500 meters above sea level, the temple enjoys a mild, mountain climate with crisp, cool air. The clear lake, almost perfectly still, is occasionally stirred by a gentle breeze, creating subtle ripples. A delicate mist rises, enveloping the temple and lending it a surreal aura.
The Majestic Ulun Danu Beratan Temple
Constructed in reverence to the Goddess Danu, the temple complex comprises four sacred buildings. Linga Pura, a three-level structure, is dedicated to the god Shiva. Pura Puncak Mangu, standing 11 levels tall, honors the god Vishnu. Pura Teratai Bang is the primary temple, while Pura Dalem Purwa is devoted to Sang Hyang Widhi and serves as a site for prayers for fertility, prosperity, and well-being.
Adhering to the Trimurti belief, the temple’s architecture incorporates three holy colors representing the three gods: red for Lord Brahma, black for Lord Vishnu, and white for Lord Shiva, symbolizing creation, preservation, and destruction, respectively.
The temple’s surroundings have been a site of worship since the megalithic period, evidenced by a sarcophagus and stone slate dating back to around 500 BC. Though recorded as early as 1556, it was rebuilt in 1633 by King I Gusti Agung Putu of Mengwi, blending Hindu and Buddhist styles. Despite its age, the temple remains well-preserved, a testament to the community’s care. Ulun Danu is a Bali icon, featured on the 50,000 rupiah bill.
Lake Beratan, Bali’s second-largest lake, serves as the irrigation source for Bedugul Village. The mountainous locale, often called “the holy mountain” boasts cool weather and fertile soil. Lake Beratan was once the island’s largest lake until an earthquake divided it into Beratan, Buyan, and Tamblingan. The name Beratan, derived from “Brata” conveys conducting oneself to fulfill life’s nine primary needs, associated with the term “Tapa Brata” signifying meditation and unity with nature.
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